Alkanes are a form of hydrocarbons.
They all have the general formula of CnH2n+2
Different Alkanes make up normal Crude oil.
They are used as fuels becaues they burn easily.
Some Alkanes have isomers (all except methane, ethane and propane)
List of Alkanes[edit | edit source]
Structure[edit | edit source]
Structural Fomula: CH4
Structural Formula: CH3-CH3
Structural Formula: CH3-CH2-CH3
Structural Formula: CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3
Reactions[edit | edit source]
Substitution with Halogens[edit | edit source]
Alkanes react with halogens to form compounds such as chloromethane.
CH4 + Cl2 --> CH3Cl +HCl
This reaction must be carried out in sunlight or UV light.