The development of countries refers to what levels of standard of living and quality of life a country has. A More Economically Developed Country' is referred to as an MEDC. Examples include the USA, the UK, Germany and Japan. Less Economically Developed Countries' are referred to as LEDC's. Examples include Kenya, Mozambique and The Gambia. LEDC's that are starting to develop significantly but are not quite at an MEDC are referred to as NIC, Newly Industrialised Country.
Development Indicators[edit | edit source]
Life expectancy - The average number of years person in a particular country might be expected to live. People in MEDC's have a higher expectancy than those who live in LEDC's.
Adult literacy - The percentage of adult that can read or write. Literacy of adults in MEDC's exceeds that of LEDC's.
GDP/CAPITA- The total value of goods and services produced by the country, divided by the total number of people living in the country. MEDC's generally have a higher GNP per capita figure than LEDC's.
Infant mortality rate - The average number of deaths of children under the age of one per 1000 live births. Figure is higher in LEDC's than MEDC's. Showing lack of medical care.
Daily calorie intake - The average amount of food eaten by a single person each day. Higher in MEDC's than LEDC's.
% with access to clean water - This is important due to water born diseases such as cholera and dysentery. Higher in MEDC's than LEDC's.
% living in urban areas - This generally increases as countries become more developed. LEDC's have a higher percentage of the population living in rural areas.
Population per doctor - The total population divided by the number of doctors in a country. The figure is higher in LEDC's than MEDC's. Again, showing lack of medical care available to the citizens of the country.
Human Development Index (HDI) - A social welfare index based on the health (life expectancy), education (adult literacy) and economy (GNP per capita) of a country. MEDC's have a higher HDI than LEDC's
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