The genres of music that are studied as part of the GCSE syllabus are as follows.
- Salsa + Bhangra
- Pavane + Galliard
- And a lot of 20th century styles (such as minimalism, listed above)
Baroque Music and Characteristics[edit | edit source]
- Dated approximately 1600 - 1750
- Continuo bass played usually on a harpsichord.
- Orchestration is usually strings, oboes, bassoon and harpsichord.
- Trumpets (Cornets) and other instruments were less advanced - no valves on trumpets etc.
- Trumpets (Cornets) are used to play high notes
- There is a lot of ornamentation - trills(/turns/mordants) on notes.
- Listed below are examples of famous Baroque composers:
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- Henry Purcell
- George Frideric Handel
- Antonio Vivaldi
Classical Music and Characteristics[edit | edit source]
- Began 1750-1820
- Orchestration varies throughout the era but the standard from about 1800 onwards was:
- 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, 2 timpani, strings
- The creation of the String Quartet consisting of 2 violins, a viola and a cello.
- The pianoforte (Piano) was created.
- Listed below are examples of famous Classical composers:
- Franz Joseph Haydn
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Ludwig Van Beethoven
Romantic Music and Characteristics[edit | edit source]
- Music expresses more emotion compared to that of the Classical Era
- Much larger orchestra (70 - 100) and wider variety of instruments:
- Piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, (cor anglais), 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, (contrabassoon), 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 *trombones (alto, tenor, bass), tuba, 4 timpani, strings.
- Listed below are examples of famous Romantic composers
- Franz Schubert
- Edvard Grieg
- Richard Wagner
- Pyotr Ilyitch Tchaikovsky
- Camille Saint-Saёns
- Guiseppe Verdi
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