The present tense in Italian is used to express:

  • What you're doing now (e.g. Studio l'italiano. I am studying Italian)
  • What happens sometimes or usually (e.g. Normalmente esco alle sette. Usually I go out at 7.00)
  • What is going to happen soon (e.g. Quest'estate vado in Australia. This summer I'm going to Australia)
  • What has been happening up to now and may continue (e.g. Abito a Firenze da dieci anni. I have been living in Florence for 10 years)

Regular Verbs[edit | edit source]

-ARE verbs (e.g. parlare-to speak)

parlo I speak
parli You (singular) speak
parla He, she, it speaks
parliamo We speak
parlete You (plural) speak
parlano They speak








-ERE verbs (e.g. vendere-to sell)

vendo I sell
vendi You (singular) sell
vende He, she, it sells
vendiamo We sell
vendete You (plural) sell
vendono They sell








-IRE verbs (e.g. aprire- to open)

apro I open
apri You (singular) open
apre He, she, it opens
apriamo We open
aprete You (plural) open
aprono They open







Irregular Verbs[edit | edit source]

The most important irregular verbs are avere and essere

Avere (to have)

ho I have
hai You (singular) have
ha He, she, it has
abbiamo We have
avete You (plural) have
hanno They have







Essere (to be)

sono I am
sei You (singular) are
e He, she, it is
siamo We are
siete You (plural) are
sono They are







See also Italian Imperfect Tense

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