A settlement is a place where people live. The size of a settlement can range from a single farmhouse to a massive conurbation.

Types of settlement[edit | edit source]

  • Nucleated - as people are gregarious, they want to live as close together as possible. If the land quality is good - i.e. people do not need much, a nucleated settlement grows up.
  • Dispersed - with poor land quality, people need more land, therefore a dispersed settlement is formed
  • Linear - if there is a feature, e.g. a river, a road; a linear settlement grows

Site and Situation[edit | edit source]

These two terms are different, however, they are often defined as the same. In GCSE geography, define the site/situation of a settlement is a common question

  • Site - the actual place where a settlement is located (e.g. the village was built on a hill)
  • Situation - the location of a settlement in relation to other features surrounding it (e.g. the town is surrounded by fertile land)

Functions[edit | edit source]

Goods and services provided by a settlement

  • High order: high price, bought very sparingly, e.g. computer
  • Low order: cheap, bought regularly, e.g. milk
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