A settlement is a place where people live. The size of a settlement can range from a single farmhouse to a massive conurbation.
Types of settlement[edit | edit source]
- Nucleated - as people are gregarious, they want to live as close together as possible. If the land quality is good - i.e. people do not need much, a nucleated settlement grows up.
- Dispersed - with poor land quality, people need more land, therefore a dispersed settlement is formed
- Linear - if there is a feature, e.g. a river, a road; a linear settlement grows
Site and Situation[edit | edit source]
These two terms are different, however, they are often defined as the same. In GCSE geography, define the site/situation of a settlement is a common question
- Site - the actual place where a settlement is located (e.g. the village was built on a hill)
- Situation - the location of a settlement in relation to other features surrounding it (e.g. the town is surrounded by fertile land)
Functions[edit | edit source]
Goods and services provided by a settlement
- High order: high price, bought very sparingly, e.g. computer
- Low order: cheap, bought regularly, e.g. milk