In 1919, at the Paris Peace Conference, Woodrow Wilson, the president of the USA, was one of the 'Big Three'. Wilson was an idealist, and a follower of democracy. As the USA had joined the war later, and had not recieved the same amount of damage as France or Britain, his aims were less severe than those of David Lloyd George or Georges Clemenceau. Many of his aims were in his book, "Fourteen Points for a Just Peace", released 1918. His main aims were as follows:

  • Establishment of a League of Nations which would keep peace and regulate the international affairs.
  • No secret treaties
  • Disarmament
  • Freedom of the seas. This was in order that the Americans could get more trade.
  • Return of Alsace-Loraine to France
  • Belgium's independance to be restored (invaded 1914 by Germany)
  • Self determination (people having choice of government and having their own state).
    • Independant Poland
    • Independance for the Austro-Hungarians and Turkish peoples
    • Colonies having a say in their future
  • £4.4bn reparations (not in 14 points)
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